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CSA General John S. Marmaduke CDV
Lot # 92 - CSA General John S. Marmaduke CDV
Standing CDV view of Confederate General John S. Marmaduke (1833-1887), 3rd Confederate Infantry, wounded at the Battle of Shiloh. With Selby & McCauley, Baltimore, MD, "Specialite" label on verso and 2 cent revenue stamp.

Bessie E. Johnston Gresham Collection of Confederate Manuscripts, Photographs, & Relics

Lots 89-115 

Bessie E. Johnston Gresham was born in Baltimore, MD in 1848 in a home sympathetic to the Southern cause. Union forces imprisoned one of her brothers for aiding the South, and her brother Elliott was a Confederate officer who lost a leg at the battle of Antietam. She became an ardent and unreconstructed Confederate, and, in 1887, she married Thomas Baxter Gresham, a Confederate veteran from Macon, GA. She was actively involved in the Baltimore chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and amassed a notable collection of Confederate manuscripts, photographs, and relics at the Gresham home at 815 Park Avenue in Baltimore. Most of her items were left to the Museum of the Confederacy, the Maryland Historical Society, and other institutions. This important collection of Johnston-Gresham family and Confederate-related material, was passed down through Bessie Johnston Gresham’s step-son, Leroy Gresham, before it was acquired by the consignor.

The collection features over 50 CDVs accumulated by Bessie and Thomas Gresham, offered as Lots 89-100. Some are wardate, and others were apparently acquired in Baltimore soon after the war's end. Some CDVs include patriotic inscriptions and quotations written by Bessie on reverse, which showcase her deep feeling of love and devotion to the Southern Cause.

In a June 1862 letter delivered through the Union blockade, Elliott Johnston, serving as aide-de-camp to CSA General Richard B. Garnett, mentioned collecting photos of CSA generals for his then 14-year-old sister Bessie.

In a 1926 issue of Confederate Veteran magazine, a memorial essay described Bessie's girlhood during the war:

"One of her brothers, who was on General Ewell’s staff, suffered the loss of a leg at the battle of Sharpsburg; her two other brothers were active Southern sympathizers and were under constant surveillance by Federal authorities for giving all possible aid to the Confederacy; her home was a center from which radiated help."

"Reared in this atmosphere of deep love for our ‘cause,’ she became an ardent and unreconstructed Confederate

During her girlhood, Bessie was acquainted with many Southern generals and received from them letters, photographs, and autographs, as well as a number of gifts.
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RMS <i>Titanic</i>, Cork from Life Belt Salvaged by Passengers of the RMS <i>Carpathia</i>
Lot # 230 - RMS Titanic, Cork from Life Belt Salvaged by Passengers of the RMS Carpathia
Piece of cork, 3.5 x 3 x 1.5 in., with tag mounted on one side, labeled S.S. Titanic April 15, 1912, saved by H.M.S. Carpathia passenger, Louis Ogden.

RMS Carpathia Passengers Augusta and Louis M. Ogden,
Exceptional Collection of Photographs, Medals, Correspondence and More Related to the Titanic Rescue

Lots 229-234

Like many enormously wealthy men, he traveled the world to exhilarating and exotic locations. In 1901, he and his wife Augusta visited Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine Republic. He then went on an expedition along the eastern slope of the Andes into Bolivia, traveling 500 miles by mule. He spent considerable time among the Indians, such as the Matacos, Chiriquanos, and Tobas, on the western edge of the "Gran Chaco." In 1904, Ogden made two visits to Cuba.

In 1911, Ogden bought a new camera for his next world tour through Algiers, the Sahara, Spain, Italy, Argentina, Gibraltar, Switzerland, Greece, and Austria. In the middle of his excursion, a surprising and unplanned event occurred—a rescue!

On a clear, April morning in 1912, aboard the RMS Carpathia, Ogden rushed to his quarters to retrieve his new camera. On the horizon, several lifeboats appeared carrying Titanic survivors. Ogden photographed the oncoming emergency boats No. 1, 6, and 14, and listed the names of several lifeboat passengers in his photograph album (Lot 229), which included: The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Quartermaster Robert Hichens, and 5th Officer Harold Lowe. As the Carpathia traveled to the site of the wreck, Ogden expected to see scores of bodies; however, only a sea of cork pieces, an overturned lifeboat, and a few chairs remained. He photographed the desolate scene with the icebergs floating ominously in the distance. He also captured a scene involving Hoisting Titanic boats on board, as well as at least 2 views of the SS Californian in the distance, which was a British Leyland Line steamship best known for its inaction during the sinking of the Titanic despite being the closest ship in the area.

Curious about the sea of cork and lack of remains at the site of the Titanic disaster, Ogden grabbed a few pieces of floating debris and “cut up” some of the Titanic life belts, which contained “a poor quality cork” (April 20, 1912). This small piece of cork is one of the samples that Ogden collected during the rescue.

In reference to the life belts he saw, Ogden wrote to another passenger, Dr. Frank Blackmarr:

The bodies that were picked up a week later were found floating with belts properly adjusted. In these circumstances is it not fair to assume that the belts were constructed with improper materials which, becoming water- logged, allowed the bearers to sink only to arise later owing to natural causes?” (Paris Herald, August 11, 1912).

Roughly 1,526 people died but various ships recovered only several hundred bodies. Contrary to Blackmarr and Ogden’s claims, several seamen aboard the lifeboats reported that there were scores of bodies surrounding them before their rescue. Seaman Frank O. Evans testified during the British Inquiry, “I was afraid to look over the sides because it might break my nerves down.” Seaman Joseph Scarrot said, “There were more bodies than there was wreckage . . . We made sail and sailed back to take our other boats in tow that could not manage themselves at all. We made sail then, but just as we were getting clear of the wreckage we sighted the ‘Carpathia's’ lights” ( Scholars say most of the people who died were probably in life jackets and a storm scattered the bobbing corpses, sweeping them far to sea in a line 50 miles long. By daylight, the storm cleared and most of the bodies might have disappeared, which could explain why Blackmarr and Ogden saw so few human remains.
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Black Hawk War-Period Letter, May 1832, Discussing Attacks Near Dixon's Ferry
Lot # 247 - Black Hawk War-Period Letter, May 1832, Discussing Attacks Near Dixon's Ferry
ALS, from "Stanley Sherwood," 4pp, Cincinnati, May 27, 1832. Traveling during the bloody conflict between the Black Hawks and Americans made an already dangerous journey Westward even more harrowing. In this descriptive letter, the author writes to Captain G.C. Huinan in Tioga County, NY, to inform Julius Simmons of his family's safe arrival en route to Illinois.

You can imagine their feelings several of whom were never from home before not to exceed 2 weeks and bound to a land almost unknown to any of them, among strangers, shoals and quicksand and at this moment, hundreds of savages continually in the pursuit of plunders the lengths of the frontiers, wrote Thurman. Members of families have been destroyed within 1 to 2 months--also near Dixon's Ferry they have fought a bloody action and many of the principal officers and members and heads of families destroyed.

He continues to write about the land and soil in other parts of the developing country, including Cincinnati. He wrote, With the exception of New Orleans, Cincinnati is the largest in the South West and as to beauty, not one exceeds it. Within the course of 35 years it has risen from a village of soldiers huts to a splendid city and still giving promise of the future splendor to any on the sea board perhaps...

Although the proximate cause of the Black Hawk War is a bit ambiguous, it has its roots in a couple of events three decades earlier. As Governor of the Northwest Territory, in 1804 William Henry Harrison negotiated a treaty with the Sauks and Meskwaki/Fox tribes of what would become Illinois to cede land east of the Mississippi River and move to "Indian Territory." According to tribal leaders, who knew they would have to cede some land to the Americans in the treaty negotiations, what they were told they were giving up and what was written in the treaty were very different - an accusation commonly made by native peoples in the 19th century. The other tribal members also contended that the chiefs had no authority to give up those lands.

To complicate matters, the native peoples were permitted to continue using the land until it was sold to white Americans. The US finally got around to surveying the lands for more than a decade and began awarding the lots to veterans of the War of 1812 and others who had not received bounty lands in other parts of the Northwest Territory from earlier service. About 1828 Indian Agent Thomas Forsyth informed the Sauks that they should vacate their town of Saukenuk and all territory east of the Mississippi.

It appears that a group of Sauks along with closely allied Meskwakis decided that this was not what they had signed up for, and recrossed the Mississippi to settle on their former lands. Black Hawk, a Sauk war chief, emerged as the leader of the band that decided to resist the implementation of the treaty of 1804. They do not seem to have wanted any violence, just their former communities. After their winter hunt in 1829, they returned to Saukenuk to find it occupied by white squatters. There was the inevitable conflict, and in September, the natives again left for their winter hunt. Again, when they returned, they found it occupied by whites.

By this time Black Hawk had picked up others, such as a group of Kickapoos and some Potawatomis. The group became known as the "British Band," sometimes flying a British flag to signal opposition to Americans.

By the time the British Band returned to Saukenuk in 1831, they found American soldiers under General Edmund Gaines waiting for them. Gaines had no cavalry, so he requested a mounted state militia battalion. However, by the time he was able to assemble all of the pieces, Black Hawk had slipped back across the Mississippi. The native leaders met with Gaines and promised to stay on the Western side of the river.

That did not last long. Late in 1831, Neapope (Sauk) reported that the British and other Illinois tribes would support the "British Band," a report that turned out to be untrue. Then later, Wabokieshiek, the "Winnebago Prophet," also claimed that other tribes would support Black Hawk. Some blame Wabokieshiek as the primary instigator, others claim he told his followers not to engage in armed violence. Whatever the case, Black Hawk again crossed the Mississippi in April 1832. He had a party of colonists - women, children, the elderly - not a war party.

What happened after this was also tied to intertribal warfare, with several individuals in the British Band accused of killing some Menominees in July 1831. The Army decided to pursue the perpetrators, and Brigadier General Henry Atkinson, filling in for the ill General Gaines, was convinced the Indians wanted war. Although there are indications that Black Hawk realized that without British and Potawatomi support he could not win and intended to negotiate a peaceful solution, a contingent of Illinois mounted volunteers who were supposed to just reconnoiter the strength and location of the British Band went a step further, arresting a party approaching under a white flag of truce and opening fire on the observers in the distance. Black Hawk's warriors predictably retaliated, and the war was on. Before it was over in late summer, nearly all of Black Hawk's band, including the non-combatants, were killed.

Among those who saw military service in this brief conflict were Abraham Lincoln, Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson Davis. This marked the end of the Indian Wars and resistance to American expansion in the Northwest Territory. It also fueled Andrew Jackson's policy of Indian Removal.
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Exceptional Quarter Plate Ambrotype of an Identified Pattern Maker in his Shop
Lot # 165 - Exceptional Quarter Plate Ambrotype of an Identified Pattern Maker in his Shop
Quarter plate ambrotype of a pattern maker working in his shop, with an assortment of tools serving as the backdrop. The light casts on the gentleman's worn face as his rough hands work a file and a spoke. Accompanying the image is a lock of hair and a period, handwritten note that reads: Grandpa George Kimball in his shop. Probably taken in Fitchburg, MA about 1860. Housed in full, pressed paper case. 
Although limited information is available regarding the subject, research indicates that George A. Kimball was born in Rhode Island in 1819. In the 1870 census, Kimball listed himself as a "manufacturer of wooden goods." 
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Edward Curtis Signed Platinum Photograph
Lot # 287 - Edward Curtis Signed Platinum Photograph
Platinum print, 6 x 8 in., capturing a group of five American Indians in a canoe, traveling ashore, signed and copyrighted 1898 lower left in the negative. On original, 8 x 10 in. mount ink signed lower right by Curtis.
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Spanish American War-Era Cabinet Cards Signed by US Generals and MOH Winners Shafter, Wood, and Lawton, Plus
Lot # 156 - Spanish American War-Era Cabinet Cards Signed by US Generals and MOH Winners Shafter, Wood, and Lawton, Plus
Lot of 7, featuring 5 cabinet cards signed by prominent US Generals, including: Medal of Honor winner, Leonard Wood (1860-1927), signed as Major General USV, Santiago, photograph credited to Feinberg, NY, dated 1899 on verso. Wood participated in the last campaign against Geronimo in 1886, and was awarded the Medal of Honor for carrying dispatches 100 miles through hostile territory and for commanding a detachment of the 8th Infantry in hand-to-hand combat against the Apache; Pach Bros., NY portrait of Medal of Honor winner William R. Shafter (1835-1906), signed as Major General USV, dated 1898 on verso. While serving as a 1st lieutenant for the 7th Michigan Infantry, Shafter was wounded at the Battle of Fair Oaks and later received the Medal of Honor for the heroism he displayed during the battle; See & Epler, NY view of Medal of Honor winner Henry W. Lawton (1843-1899), signed as Major General USV, dated 1898 on verso. Lawton was a well-respected US Army officer who served with distinction in the Civil War, most importantly the Atlanta campaign, which resulted in Lawton receiving the Medal of Honor, as well as the Apache Wars and the Spanish–American War. During the Philippine-American War, he was KIA by a Filipino sharpshooter in the Battle of Paye; portrait of distinguished military officer and writer, Charles King (1844-1933), signed as Brigadier General USV, Manila, 1898-9, on larger mount with what appears to be Morse, San Francisco blindstamp; and Anderson, NY portrait of Henry C. Corbin (1842-1909), Ohio native who fought in the Civil War, served with the 38th Infantry, a Buffalo Soldier Regiment during the Indian Wars, and the Spanish American War. Signed by Corbin as Adjutant General, dated 1899 on verso.
Accompanied by the titles: Armstrong, Leroy. Pictorial Atlas Illustrating the Spanish-American War. Chicago: J.S. Ziegler & Co., 1898. Folio, 191pp. 
Through the War by Camera: A Weekly Artfolio of Current Events, on Land and Sea, in the Spanish-American War of 1898. New York: The Pearson Publishing Company, 1898. Small oblong folio.
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John Rutherford, Captured Revolutionary War Soldier and Merchant Seaman, Manuscript Archive
Lot # 218 - John Rutherford, Captured Revolutionary War Soldier and Merchant Seaman, Manuscript Archive
Lot of 11.

John Rutherford was born in Newburyport, MA in 1762. He enlisted as a private and mustered into Captain Putnam or Captain Peterson's regiment in 1776. British forces captured Rutherford at Fort Washington in November 1776, and held him in New York for seven weeks before he was exchanged. In early 1777 after Rutherford's exchange, he enlisted with a series of privateers: Glasgo, Hornet, Shark, Gates, Monmouth, Adventurer, Sky Rocket, Mercury, and more. During these cruises, his ships captured several British vessels, among them one having clothing and provisions for the British army, another loaded with wine, plus several more. Rutherford eventually achieved the rank of captain.

During one of his many expeditions, British forces again captured and detained Rutherford on Antigua Island for eleven months. His experiences on the high seas served him well in the merchant business. This collection includes the following documents and manuscripts relative to Rutherford's life and experiences as a seaman:

• A shipping receipt for ten hogsheads of molasses, on the schooner Laura, signed by Rutherford. Newburyport to Boston, n.d., 6.5 x 8 in.

• Guadeloupe document for National tariff/customs written in French.

• A second Guadeloupe document dated 1806, Douane (Customs) Imperiale, also written in French.

• Two 1809 forms concerning the ship Two Sons while in Cape Verde, including an official visitation document with a list of the crew and a second official document for the ship.

• November 1806 apprenticeship indenture for Daniel Brown from his employer, merchant, Moses Wheeler. Endorsed by Rutherford.

• Power of attorney document for John Rutherford to sell the schooner Stork in May 1805. 9.5 x 15.25 in.

• Deed for the sale of property in Newburyport from Levi Mills to John Rutherford, partially printed, 8 x 13 in., May 1810.

• Broadside from the Port of Cadiz in Spain informing the Captains and Masters of Vessels, of the observed instructions of the port and town. 12 x 17 in.

• January 1790s printing of an Act of Government Regulations regarding seamen in merchant service; on verso the list of three men on the sloop, Betsy. 13.75 x 16.5 in. [John Rutherford, Master; Charles W. Brown, Mate; ? Garren?, Seaman].

• A second Act of the same nature purchased at the Bookstore of Thomas Whipple on Market Square in Newburyport in 1809. 15 x 18.5 in. Verso with list of crew of Two Sons.

• Commonwealth of Massachusetts Clearance document for sundry merchandise for the schooner Two Sons, signed by Juan (John) Stoughton as the Spanish Consul to the New England States in March 1809.
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W.H. Jackson Photograph, <i>Start from Dolores for the San Juan</i>
Lot # 333 - W.H. Jackson Photograph, Start from Dolores for the San Juan
Silver gelatin photograph, 9 x 7 in., titled in the negative lower left 04244. Start from Dolores for the San Juan, and copyright to Detroit Publishing Co. With inked caption on verso and previous owner's handstamp. Large groups of men are seated atop two stagecoaches, one with a sign that appears to read Ouray Stage, with additional men standing around the stagecoaches and outside the J.J. Harris & Company mercantile store in Dolores, Montezuma County, Colorado. Many of the men are armed with rifles, and a few carry mining pans.
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<i>Capture of Fort Fisher</i>, Civil War Chromolithograph by Kurz & Allison
Lot # 8 - Capture of Fort Fisher, Civil War Chromolithograph by Kurz & Allison
Chromolithograph, 21 x 28 in., titled in the margin Capture of Fort Fisher / January 15, 1865 - Union (Gen. Terry Com.) Loss: Gen. Bell & 110 K'd, Gens. Curtis, Pennypacker, and 538 W'd. Ad. Porter's Loss: 280 K'd & W'd. Conf. Loss: 700 K'd & W'd, 2,083 Pris., 169 Guns. Copyrighted 1890 by Kurz & Allison, Chicago. Framed, 24 x 30.5 in., with original dealer's label from J.F. Cabot & Bro., Boston, affixed to newer frame backing.
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Continental Currency Group, Pennsylvania and Delaware,  1773, 1775, 1777
Lot # 214 - Continental Currency Group, Pennsylvania and Delaware, 1773, 1775, 1777
Lot of 5: Pennsylvania two shilling note, by act of the General Assembly dated 1 October 1773, serial number 14510, signed by J. Pemberton, Benj. Marshall and Reynold Keen. Printed in black with red denomination on right border, Penn family arms with "Mercy, Justice" in upper left corner. Verso with fields and farm buildings, "To Counterfeit is death." Paper with mica flakes.

Fifteen shillings, "Pensylvania" 1 Oct. 1773, serial no. 19579 in black ink, signed by J. Pemberton, Benj. Marshall (both in black), R. Keen (in red). Printed in red and black on recto, denomination on top border in red, Penn family arms with motto "Mercy, Justice" upper right. Verso also with agricultural scene and "To counterfeit is death." Paper with mica flakes.

Forty shillings, "Pensylvania" 8 Dec. 1775, serial no. 1100 in black ink, plate B, signed by Thos. Moore, C. Moore (in red), Abel Evans. Printed in all black, leaf on verso. Engraver's identification, "J. Smithers Sculp." worked into top border design above serial no. Columns on side borders with "Two Pounds" in white. Paper contains mica flakes and blue threads. All three printed by Hall and Sellers.

Sixpence, Delaware, 1 May 1777, serial no. 21376, numbered and signed in black ink by J. Wiltbank. Verso with sheaf of wheat and "To counterfeit is death." Printed by James Adams.

Partial half crown note, Delaware, 1 May 1777, serial number torn off with top third or so of note, signed in black ink by John (illeg - possibly "Laws") and J. Wiltbank. Design on verso partial. Also printed by James Adams.
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Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of the Whitin Family Home, Whitinsville, Massachusetts
Lot # 167 - Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of the Whitin Family Home, Whitinsville, Massachusetts
Sixth plate, outdoor daguerreotype of a large residence identified as the Whitin family home on an accompanying 20th century note. Housed in full, pressed paper case. 

The Whitin family operated Whitin Machine Works, a textile mill in Whitinsville, MA. The home closely resembles Wayside Manor, which was built in 1827, but we cannot confirm that this is the same residence.
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