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Rare <i>View of Glendale, Near Cincinnati</i> by Middleton Strobridge & Co.
Lot # 163 - Rare View of Glendale, Near Cincinnati by Middleton Strobridge & Co.
American, 19th century. Hand colored lithograph. An exceedingly rare bird's eye view of Glendale, OH, depicting the rail station crossing present day Sharon Rd., numerous homes and figures. 18 x 31 in. (plate size).
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23-Star American Flag
Lot # 156 - 23-Star American Flag
Wool, 26.5 x 35.5 in., with 23 machine-sewn, double-applique stars configured in 5/4/5/4/5 horizontal rows. The fly is constructed of 13 machine-sewn stripes. Jute rope running through hoist end of flag. 
 
Maine was admitted into the Union as the 23rd state on March 15th, 1820, and the 23-star flag represented the nation until Missouri entered the Union on August 10, 1821. Over this brief period of approx. 5 months, few 23-star flags were made, and very few have survived up until now. Based on materials and construction, this flag was likely fabricated ca 1860s-1880.
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1st Lieut. Francis Brownell, Autographed CDV, Plus Poem
Lot # 52 - 1st Lieut. Francis Brownell, Autographed CDV, Plus Poem
Lot of 2, featuring a rare carte of 1st. Lieut. Francis Brownell in uniform, proudly displaying the medals on his jacket, while holding a Staff Officer's sword in his left hand, beautifully autographed on verso Frank E. Brownell/ USA, with Gurney & Son, New York imprint. The CDV is accompanied by an anonymous manuscript poem, 5 x 8 in., addressed to the Army, honoring Elmer Ellsworth, the first conspicuous casualty of the Civil War. The poem states in part: Our response all hearts shall thrill:/ Ellsworth's fame is with us still,/ Ne'er to pass away!/ Bring that rebel banner low,/ Hoisted by a treacherous foe/ I was for that they dealt the blow,/ Laid him in the dust.

Francis E. Brownell (1840-1894), 11th New York, made famous as Ellsworth's Avengers for which he was later awarded the Medal of Honor in 1877. After slaying Elmer Ellsworth's murderer (innkeeper James W. Jackson) on the stairs of the Marshall House and posing for a popular Brady CDV standing on the Secessionist rag that caused Ellsworth's martyrdom, Brownell became an officer in the regular 11th US Infantry. He resigned his commission in November 1863. Thereafter, Brownell saw to his own reputation, twice petitioning the War Department for the Medal of Honor and becoming a self-appointed custodian of Ellsworth memorabilia and keeper of the flame.
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Folk Art Hooked Rugs
Lot # 169 - Folk Art Hooked Rugs
American, 19th-20th century. Four folk art hooked rugs, three with floral patterns and one with polychrome diamond design; stylized floral on cream ground 46.75 x 25.5 in.; central red flower 40 x 25.75 in.; oval floral medallion 48 x 28.5 in.; diamond design 28. x 18.25 in.
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Handmade Swirl Marbles
Lot # 367 - Handmade Swirl Marbles
A large group of handmade swirl marbles, in a variety of sizes; largest dia. 7/8 in.
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Pre and Post-Civil War Photographs of Warren Adams, Including Half Plate Ambrotype by George S. Cook
Lot # 35 - Pre and Post-Civil War Photographs of Warren Adams, Including Half Plate Ambrotype by George S. Cook
Lot of 5, comprised of 4 cased images of Warren Adams taken before and after the Civil War, including: quarter plate daguerreotype of a young Adams, with later penciled identification on tape affixed to cover glass, housed in full thermoplastic Union case; quarter plate daguerreotype of a group of 4 young men including Adams, identified as sitting second from left, housed in full pressed paper case; half plate ambrotype of Adams housed in full leather, push-button case bearing George S. Cook's Charleston studio mark on back. It has been suggested by the family that this portrait was taken during the time that Adams taught French in North Carolina, prior to the Civil War; post-war, sixth plate ambrotype of Adams in civilian clothing, housed in half pressed-paper case. The images are accompanied by a leather Crouch & Fitzgerald document bag, 8.75 x 10.75 in., which was discovered among Adams' belongings and was believed to have been used by him at some point. An inked identification inside the bag indicates that it was later utilized by J.H. Mayne, N.Y.S. RVS.
 
Lieutenant Colonel Warren Adams 

Adams was the son of South Carolina Governor James Hopkins Adams and Jane Margaret Scott Adams. He was born November 28, 1838, in Minervaville, Richland County, SC. He graduated from The Citadel, Military College of South Carolina, in 1859. Adams married Nathalie Heyward, daughter of Senator Nathaniel Heyward, in May 1866, and had nine children, four of whom survived him. Adams was an active participant in several battles in the Civil War, but most notably at Battery Wagner. He was seriously wounded at the Battle of Bentonville, NC, but survived his wounds and returned to Stony Hill Plantation in Kingsville, SC, living there until his death on November 5, 1884. Adams is buried at St. John's Episcopal Church, Congaree, SC. 

Adams’ most notable achievement of the Civil War was his command of the 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment in defense of Battery Wagner at Charleston. He fended off the attacks of the African American 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw. Attacked twice on July 11 and July 18, 1863, Adams was able to repel the Union forces with only modest losses. Colonel Shaw was killed in the second assault. The fort eventually succumbed to siege when the Confederates abandoned it on the evening of September 6-7, 1863. The Battles of Battery Wagner are the source of the 1989 movie Glory. Adams went on to serve the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry and was shot from his saddle at the Battle of Bentonville in 1865.

The Adams Family of South Carolina:

A collection of photographs and manuscripts concerning one of South Carolina’s oldest and most prominent families. Lots 31-37, 103

The Adams family came to the area near present day Columbia, SC, in the mid-18th century, acquired major land holdings, and became prosperous plantation owners. They were strongly involved in political and military affairs of their state, region, and country, playing major roles in state government as well as the Mexican American and Civil Wars.

James Adams, son of Henry Coker Adams, emigrated from England to Virginia in the early seventeenth century seeking a new life in colonial America. There, he married Agnes Walker and fathered two children before Agnes’ death in 1755. One of the children died early, the other, Joel, survived into adulthood.

Joel Adams was born February 4, 1750, in Culpepper, VA. He was the first of the family to settle in lower Richland County, SC, at Wavering Place in 1768. He married Grace Weston in 1773 and together they bore seven children. Before the American Revolution, Joel began acquiring land along the Congaree River in lower Richland County, accumulating 25,000 acres of plantations in the area. In the Revolutionary War, he was a leader of South Carolina militia forces and served in the Continental Army. He strongly believed in education, and political and military service to one’s state and country. Two of his children were educated at Yale. He died July 8, 1830, in Richland, SC, where he is buried.

One of Joel’s sons, Henry Walker Adams, had the unfortunate situation of losing his wife (Mary Goodwyn) and then dying himself at the early age of 25, leaving behind a son, James Hopkins Adams. Joel raised his grandson until his own death.

James Hopkins Adams was born March 15, 1812, in the Richland District in South Carolina, and died there July 13, 1861. He graduated from Yale in 1831, married Jane Margaret Scott in April 1832, and they had eleven children. He was Brigadier General of Cavalry for the South Carolina Militia and served several terms as a State Representative and State Senator. In 1854, he was elected to be the 66th Governor of South Carolina, serving through 1856. As a member of the “Convention of the People” in 1860-1861, he was a signatory to the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession. Subsequently, Adams served as a Commissioner of South Carolina to the US government to negotiate the transfer of United States property in South Carolina to the state government. He died at Live Oak, his country residence, and is buried in St. John's Episcopal Churchyard in Congaree, SC.

This collection principally concerns one of J. H. Adams children, Warren Adams, (1838–1884) who was a Lieutenant Colonel in the CSA. He was in command of the First South Carolina Infantry Regiment at Battery Wagner, Charleston, SC.

Images and documents related to extended family members, such as 2nd Lieutenant David Adams (KIA in the Mexican American War) and Captain Robert Adams (Charleston Light Dragoons) are also included in the collection.
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Little Women, First Edition
Lot # 268 - Little Women, First Edition
Alcott, Louisa M. Little Women. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1868 (Vol. 1) and 1869 (Vol. 2). 16mo, original terra cotta cloth, gilt front and spine. Currently housed in a custom clamshell box. Terminal ads indicate the price at $1.25, but some think they all are (i.e. there are no ads in later editions with the $1.50 price indicted). Spine does not indicate Vol. 1. Vol. 2 has no notice of first part on p. iv. Has same terminal ads as second state, that is, p. 364 with four entries and p. 366 with "Handy Volume Series / I. / Happy Thoughts...." Comes with communication and receipt from New Orleans bookseller.
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Neil Armstrong Signed Photograph
Lot # 255 - Neil Armstrong Signed Photograph
Neil Armstrong (1930-2012). Apollo 11 crew member and the first man to set foot on the moon (July 1969). NASA photograph, uninscribed, signed in blue felt-tip. Likely from the early 1970s. We have scanned dozens of Armstrong signatures from this period and this one is a bit different, probably not an autopen.

Accompanied by a photo of a Boy Scout gathering of over 100 scouts with Armstrong front and center (the only one not in uniform). Possibly the occasion on which the photo was signed.
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Andrew Jackson Presidential Signed Naval Commission for Lieutenant Peter Turner
Lot # 8 - Andrew Jackson Presidential Signed Naval Commission for Lieutenant Peter Turner
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). Partially printed DS. 1p, 14.5 x 18.25 in., on vellum with embossed seal, affixed lower center. Dated at Washington, December 22, 1832, to Peter Turner, appointing him Lieutenant in the US Navy to rank from December 20, 1832. Signed boldly by President Andrew Jackson (1829-1837), and by Secretary of the Navy Levi Woodbury (1831-1834).

The William Turner Family

Lots 1-29


Cowan’s is pleased to offer selection of items from the William Turner family of Newport, Rhode Island, some of which have been passed down several generations. Items offered in this sale include photographs, manuscripts, signed documents, relics, and uniform accoutrements, most related to the naval careers of prominent members of the family. Photographs and other items related to less noteworthy members of the family will be offered in our July 2 to July 13 American History Timed Online Only auction, and many more items from the family, including furniture, silver, scrimshaw, painted portraits, and other fine art and decorative items will be offered in Cowan’s June 20 Americana sale. Below are brief biographies of members of the Turner family relevant to this sale.

1st Generation: Dr. William Turner (1712-1754) grew up in Newport, Rhode Island where, according to family history, he studied medicine under Dr. Norbent Vigneron (French, 1669-1764). After completing his apprenticeship, Dr. Turner relocated to Newark, New Jersey, where he opened a successful professional practice. William married Mehitable Foster (b. 1715) with whom he had four children, including Daniel (1750-1837), and Peter (1751-1822).

2nd Generation: Daniel Turner (1750-1837), known as Captain Daniel, married his first cousin Sarah Foster (1754-1809) before serving in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Together, they had ten children, including William (1775-1837), Peter (1781-1812), and Daniel (1794-1850).

2nd Generation: Dr. Peter Turner (1751-1822), Captain Daniel's younger brother, served as a surgeon in the 1st Rhode Island Regiment of the Continental Army under General James Varnum (American, 1748-1789) and Colonel Christopher Greene (American, 1737-1781). Family tradition tells us that he served on General George Washington's staff at Valley Forge where he established a friendship with the Marquis de Lafayette (French, 1757-1834), who also stayed at Washington's encampment. Following the war, Dr. Turner and his wife Eliza Child settled in East Greenwich, Rhode Island at 21 Courthouse Lane, across the street from their brother-in-law General Varnum, whose wife Martha Child was Eliza's sister. Peter and Eliza had nine children, including Mehitable Foster (1780-1853).

3rd Generation: Commodore Daniel Turner (1794-1850), the son of Captain Daniel, began his career in the U.S. Navy as a midshipman at the age of fourteen, subsequently earning the rank of lieutenant on March 12, 1813. Two days later, he joined Oliver Hazard Perry's (American, 1785-1819) squadron at Sackett's Harbor, New York where he took command of the brig Caledonia in the Battle of Lake Erie. On September 10, 1813, Turner distinguished himself by providing suppressive fire for Perry's flagship Lawrence, thereby earning a Congressional medal and a sword from the State of New York. After serving under Perry's command on the frigate Java and the schooner Nonsuch, Turner commanded the USS Erie and the USS Constitution.

3rd Generation: Dr. William Turner (1775-1837), the son of Captain Daniel and the older brother of Commodore Daniel, served as a surgeon in the United States Navy. William married his first cousin Mehitable Foster (1780-1853), the daughter of Dr. Peter (1751-1822), and they had nine children, including Peter (1803-1871).

3rd Generation: Benjamin Bourne Turner (1780-1807), the son of Captain Daniel and brother of Commodore Daniel and Dr. William, appointed midshipman in the United States Navy Sept. 27, 1800, and lieutenant March 9, 1807. Unmarried, he was killed in a duel with Master John Rush, US Navy, Oct. 31, 1807, in New Orleans, over an argument about William Shakespeare.

4th Generation: Commodore Peter Turner (1803-1871) began his career in the U.S. Navy as a midshipman at the age of twenty, subsequently earning the rank of lieutenant on December 20, 1832. From 1834 to 1835, he served on the USS Columbus within his uncle Commodore Daniel Turner's (1794-1850) Brazil Squadron. He also served aboard the USS Constitution in the Pacific and afterward on special duty at Portsmouth Navy Yard. His final cruise was on the USS Southampton before serving as commander of the U.S. Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was commissioned as a commodore in 1867. He married Sarah Stafford Jones (1826-1875) and had five children, including Hettie Foster (1850-1937).

5th Generation: Hettie Foster Turner (1850-1937) married Henry Harlan (1848-1898) and they had three children, including James Turner (1881-1931), through whose descendants the Turner family collection is being offered for sale.
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Florence Nightingale, British Nursing Pioneer, ALS
Lot # 251 - Florence Nightingale, British Nursing Pioneer, ALS
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910). ALS, 1p, 5 x 8 in., on stationery with Nightingale's home address, London, August 3, 1881, to Francis T. King, accepting an appointment with either him or a Dr. Billings, but not both due to her illness, signed Florence Nightingale. Framed with a hand-colored engraving, 13.75 x 14.25 in. overall, with a partial Charles Hamilton Autographs label and seal on frame's backing.
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Albert Green (1914-1994; USA) Large Circular Blue Platter
Lot # 5 - Albert Green (1914-1994; USA) Large Circular Blue Platter
Circular Platter in Blue 
ca 1970-80
Glazed Stoneware; ht. 3, dia. 19.5 in. 
Signed Green on base.

Green was born in 1914 into a working class family. Driven by a fierce work ethic he was able to enter the University of Pennsylvania at the age of 16 on a full scholarship for both his academic and athletic achievements. He was a champion middle distance runner throughout college.

He studied painting at the Art Students League in New York City. But in 1946 a chance encounter, a rare one at that time, saw a display of contemporary Japanese pottery by the Mingei master Shoji Hamada that changed his life. On the spot he decided to switch from painter to potter. 

Green did not go to any ceramic schools such as Alfred University but learned pottery techniques through the rather daunting, method of ceramic engineering manuals and his knowledge of college chemistry taught himself glaze technology.

Then he merged this with his painting skills and produced a translation of Japanese style pottery decoration that was thoroughly Western and unique within this widespread  Japonisme treatment in America. This use of color was striking and bold and felt connected to mid-century modernism just as it was breaking through into American culture, with geometric panels of bright color and powerful slip drawing.

Whereas the Mingei style presented reticence, Green delivered bravado. Now that mid-century is so significant, collected as style artifacts and design trophies, and also influencing the new, Green’s pottery is finding a new life and appreciation for its zest, adventurous color and complex compositions all anchored in sturdy, handsome vessel forms.

Green had numerous awards for his art from the Cooper-Hewitt Museum and National Museum of Design in New York and was made a Fellow of the American Craft Council. He is in the collection of the Chicago Art Institute; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY; Renwick Gallery of the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.

 

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